Author Archives: Martyn Gillingham

Should you incorporate your buy-to-let business?

Should you incorporate your buy-to-let business?

If you are currently a landlord or considering becoming one, you may already be aware of the recent changes in the buy-to-let sector. With a now much less generous tax system in operation when personally buying property and letting it out, many landlords are considering incorporating their buy-to-let businesses.

Essentially, it means your properties would belong to your company instead of you personally. This is a big decision for any investor to make so please make sure you talk to an understanding and experienced colleague here at Kelsall Steele before proceeding.

We can then help you decide if incorporating is the right decision for you and how to go about it.

What is wrong with the old system?

It’s no secret that the government has had a very public change of heart regarding buy-to-let investors. Where decades’ worth of effort and initiatives went into fuelling the sector, new rules and regulations are a clear sign that attitudes have changed.

Buying a property that will not be your primary residence now carries an additional £7,000 extra in tax on the average-priced UK home. The new 3% hike in stamp duty means many investors are now having to find more actual cash than ever before for their new investment properties.

You can no longer deduct your mortgage interest before arriving at your profit figure when paying your tax, and the automatic 10% wear and tear allowance is a thing of the past.

If you choose to sell your buy-to-let property, you’ll soon no longer be able to wait until your next self-assessment date to pay the capital gains tax. As of April 2019, you’ll be liable to pay it within just 30 days of the sale.

The hike in stamp duty means that building your portfolio costs you considerably more and the new rules on rental income make turning a profit much more difficult. Against this backdrop, many landlords are looking for alternative options.

Incorporating your business

Evidence suggests that the landlords are moving en masse to incorporation.

According to the UK’s largest estate agency group, Countrywide, a record high 20% of all rented homes in the first quarter of 2017 were owned by companies rather than individual landlords. Data from MoneyFacts suggested that the number of buy to let mortgages available to limited company borrowers had increased by 10% in the year since last April.


When you hold properties personally, you may have to pay as much as 45% on your profits, however as a limited company, you’ll pay corporation tax instead which applies at just 19%.

You’ll also get to choose whether you receive income from your limited business as dividends. You have a £5,000 personal allowance this tax year which will reduce to £2,000 from 2018/19.

If you have a very large portfolio, the market value of your shares in your incorporated property business could greatly increase when you pass away. However, if you owned the properties personally, you won’t be able to benefit from Business Property Relief and your loved ones could be left with a large inheritance tax bill.

Are there any drawbacks?


When you incorporate your buy to let business into a limited company, you essentially sell your property portfolio to your company. In HMRC’s eyes, two transactions per property are taking place.

On the sale of a property from you to your company, if you’re a basic rate tax payer, you’ll have to pay 18% of your profits in capital gains. As a higher or additional tax payer, you’ll be liable to hand over 28%.

As your company is buying the home from you, it will be charged the enhanced stamp duty rate.

If you have 10 properties you wish to transfer, that’s 10 lots of capital gains tax and 10 lots of the increased rate of stamp duty land tax. Depending on your personal situation, you may have to have a significant amount of cash available to perform your incorporation.

If any of the properties in your portfolio are of particularly high value, worth £500,000 or more, you’ll also have to pay an annual charge on ownership (as well as domestic rates when the house is unoccupied). Properties between £500,001 and £1,000,000 carry a charge of £3,500 a year in tax. Anything between £2m and £5m will cost you as much as £23,550.

This charge does not apply to personally held properties. Click here to read HMRC’s regulations on annual tax on enveloped dwellings.

Incorporating your buy-to-let business – talk to our team

Depending on the value and size of your portfolio, incorporating needs careful planning not just for capital gains tax and stamp duty considerations – this brings up inheritance tax issues too. Please call us on 01872 271 655 or email

Dividend Tax

Changes to Dividend Tax

Dividend Tax Credits

Up until 5 April 2016 dividends paid by UK Companies normally had an attached 10% tax credit of the grossed dividend. Therefore if you received a dividend of £90, there would be a deemed tax credit of £10, making the total gross dividend £100.

This dividend tax credit was non-refundable but could be offset against a taxpayer’s other income tax liabilities.

Dividend Allowance

From 6 April 2016 the entire gross dividend is paid to the recipient with no “attached” dividend tax credit. However, a new £5,000 tax free dividend allowance has been introduced.  Dividends above this level will be taxed at 7.5% for basic rate (20%) taxpayers, 32.5% for higher rate (40%) taxpayers and 38.1% for additional rate (45%) taxpayers.

Do note that dividends received through ISA’s will be unaffected.

Taxpayers who receive dividends in excess of £5,000 will from 6 April 2016 be required to complete a Tax Return form in order that the tax charge can be collected by HMRC. This is in contrast to earlier years where basic rate taxpayers had no additional liability due to the benefit of the attached tax credits and hence no need to contact HMRC.

If you would like further information on this topic, please don’t hesitate to contact Martyn Gillingham on 01872 271655 or via email at

Buy To Let Tax Relief

Buy To Let Tax Relief

Buy To Let Tax Relief

  • Do you have a buy to let property?
  • Do you have a mortgage on it?
  • Will it still be a long term investment or a millstone around your neck?
  • Will your tax bill be larger than your profit for the year in future years?

Buried in the detail of the Summer 2015 Budget was the announcement that when referring to the letting of residential property, income tax relief for finance costs such as mortgage interest, interest on loans to buy fixtures, equipment and furnishings or fees incurred when taking out or repaying loans will be progressively restricted from 6th April 2017.

So what does ‘’progressively restricted’’ mean? At present any of the above finance costs (but not capital repayments) ranks like any other expense in the letting of the property in order to arrive at the surplus or deficit for the year.

From 6th April 2017 however HMRC will not permit you to deduct the full amount of these finance costs and have introduced the following transitional arrangements:

Buy To Let Tax Deductible

After the deductible element of these costs has been determined, relief for a proportion of the non-deductible costs will be given as a basic rate (20%) deduction in a taxpayer’s income tax liability, of the LOWER of the following three options:

  1. The non deductible finance costs for the year
  2. The profits of the Property business for the year
  3. The taxpayer’s total income after deducting any savings or dividend income to the extent that this exceeds your Personal Income Tax allowance plus Blind Person’s Tax allowance for the year.

The objective of this move is to restrict relief for such finance costs to the basic rate of income tax, and is more likely to affect higher rate and additional rate taxpayers, although basic rate taxpayers could also be worse off because of the way in which relief is given on the lower of the three sums.


Depending on the level of rent received, and of course the finance costs affected, it is possible that with the disallowance of the costs referred to above, your effective rate of tax could be significantly higher than under the present regime.

A 40% taxpayer with £40,000 of rental income but with £30,000 of mortgage interest could from 2020/21 onward effectively have a tax rate of 140% on the actual surplus, simply due to the non-deductibility of the mortgage interest.

This could have a significant effect on your disposable income.

Can you afford to pay a tax bill that is larger than your actual net income from the property?

If you would like further information please contact our Tax Department on 01872 271655, or contact tax manager Martyn Gillingham, email